Professor Benjamin Z. Houlton

Earth Systems Ecology and BiogeochemistryGrasslandTropical ForestTemperate Forest
(* = student or postdoctoral advisee)

2016

Cookingham, J., Houlton B. Z., Brewer S. Iron limitation of biological nitrogen fixation in karst tropical forest.Ecology. (in press).

Lennon, E.*, Houlton Z. Z.. Coupled molecular and isotopic evidence for denitrfier controls over terrestrial nitrogen availability. Nature-ISME J (in press).

Wang, C., Houlton B. Z., Dai W., and Bai E.* Growth in the global N2 sink attributed to nitrogen fertilizer inputs over 1860 to 2000. Science of the Total Environment (2016).

Morford, S.*, Houlton B. Z., Dahlgren R. A. Geochemical and tectonic uplift controls on rock nitrogen inputs across terrestrial ecosystems. Global Biogeochemical Cycles (2016).

Hinckley, E., Bonan G., Bowen G., Colman B., Duffy P., Goodale C., Houlton B. Z., Marín-Spiotta E., Ogle K., Ollinger S., Paul E., Vitousek P., Weathers K., Williams D. The soil and plant giogeochemistry sampling design for the National Ecological Observatory Network (NEON). Ecosphere (2016).

2015

Houlton, B. Z. Fixing evolution in global forests. Nature Plants (2015).

Huang, W.*, Houlton B. Z., Marklein A. R.*, Liu J., and Zhou G. Plant stoichiometric responses to elevated CO2 vary with nitrogen and phosphorus inputs: Evidence from a global-scale meta-analysis. Scientific Reports (2015). ***Biology Faculty of 1000 Selection***

Marklein, A. R.*, Cookingham J. B.*, Enders S. K.*, Gonzalez D. J. X.*, van Huysen T. L.*, Izquierdo J. I.*, Light D. R.*, Liptzin D.*, Miller K. E.*, Morford S. L.*, Norton R. A.*, Houlton, B. Z. Mineralization ratios of nitrogen and phosphorus from decomposing leaf-litter worldwide Global Ecology and Biogeography(2015).

Mnich M.*, and Houlton B. Z. Evidence for a uniformly small isotope effect of nitrogen leaching loss: Results from disturbed ecosystems in seasonally dry climates Oecologia (2015).

Houlton, B. Z., Marklein A. R.*, and Bai E.* Representation of nitrogen in climate change forecasts. Nature Climate Change (2015).

Houlton, B. Z., and Morford S.* A new synthesis for terrestrial nitrogen inputs. Soil (2015).

Morford, S. L.*, Houlton B. Z., and Dahlgren R. A. Direct quantification of long-term rock nitrogen inputs to forest ecosystems - an overlooked source of nitrogen to terrestrial ecosystems. Ecology (2015)

2014

Fang, Y.,…Houlton B. Z. et al. Microbial denitrification dominates nitrate losses from forest ecosystems. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences(2014).

Zaehle, S., Jones C. D., Houlton, B. Z., Lamarque J-F, and Robertson E. Nitrogen availability reduces CMIP5 projections of 21st century land carbon uptake. Journal of Climate(2014).

Houlton, B. Z., and Morford S.* A new synthesis for terrestrial nitrogen inputs. Soil Discussions (2014).

2013

Cleveland, C. C., Houlton, B. Z., Smith, B., Marklein, A.*, Reed, S., Parton, W., Del Grosso, S., and Running, S. Patterns of new vs. recylced production in the terrestrial biosphere. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences (PNAS) (2013).

Albarracin, M. V., Six, J. W., Houlton, B. Z., and Bledsoe, C. Stoichiometry of 13C and 15N transfers in ectomycorrhizal morphotypes of Pinus sabiniana in a northern California woodland. Oecologia (2013).

Izquierdo, J.*, Houlton, B. Z., and van Huysen, T.* Evidence for phosphorus limitation over long-term ecosystem development: Examination of a biogeochemical paradigm. Plant and Soil (2013).

Zhou, G., Houlton B. Z. et al. Substantial reorganization of China's tropical and subtropical forests. Global Change Biology (2013).

2012

Houlton, B. Z., Boyer, B., Finzi, A., Galloway, J., Leach, A., Liptzin, D.*, Melillo, J., Rosenstock, T. S., Sobota, D., and Townsend, A. R., Intentional vs. unintentional nitrogen use in the United States: Trends, efficiency, and implications. Biogeochemistry (2012).

Bai, E.*, Houlton, B. Z., and Wang, Y. P., Global nitrogen hotspots across terrestrial ecosystems.Biogeosciences (2012).

Houlton, B. Z., Boyer, B., Finzi, A., Galloway, J., Leach, A., Liptzin, D., Melillo, J., Rosenstock, T. S., Sobota, D., and Townsend, A. R., The US Nitrogen Synthesis: N-use Efficiency among Economic Sectors and N by Climate Risks Nationwide. In: The Role of Nitrogen in Climate Change and the Impacts of Nitrogen-Climate Interactions...: A Technical Report Submitted to the US National Climate Assessment Ed. Suddick, E.C., Davidson, E.A., Woods Hole Research Center, 149 Woods Hole Road, Falmouth, MA, 02540-1644 USA.(2012)

Townsend, A. R., Vitousek, P. M., and Houlton, B. Z.. The climate benefits of better nitrogen and phosphorus management. Issues in Science and Technology (2012).

Marklein, A.*, and Houlton, B. Z., Nitrogen inputs accelerate phosphorus cycling rates across a wide variety of terrestrial ecosystems. New Phytologist (2012) ***Biology Faculty of 1000 selection***

Houlton B. Z. Biogoechemistry and nutrient cycles. In: Encyclopedia of Theoretical Ecology (2012).

2011

Morford, S., Houlton, B. Z. and Dahlgren, R. A., Increased forest nitrogen and carbon storage from nitrogen-rich bedrock. Nature 477, 78-81 (2011). ***(Elizabeth Sulzman Award for best paper published in the Biogeosciences by a non-doctoral (i.e., Morford) scientist)(Biology Faculty of 1000 selection)***

Cleveland, C. C., Townsend, A. R., Taylor, P., Alvarez-Clare, S., Bustamante, M. M. C., Chuyong,G., Dobrowski,S. L., Grierson,P., Harms, K. E., Houlton, B. Z., Marklein, A., Parton, W., Porder, S., Reed, S. C., Sierra, C. A., Silver, W. L., Tanner, E. V. J., and Wieder, W. R., Relationships among net primary productivity, nutrients and climate in tropical rainforest: A pan-tropical analysis. Ecology Letters (2011).

Finzi, A. C., Austin, A. T., Cleland, E. E., Frey, S., Houlton, B. Z., and Wallenstein, M. D. Alteration of coupled biogeochemical cycles in response to global change in the terrestrial biosphere. Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment (2011).

Townsend, A. R., Cleveland, C. C., Houlton, B. Z., Alden C. B., and White, J. W. C., Multi-element regulation of the tropical forest carbon cycle. Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment (2011).

Houlton, B. Z. and Driscoll, C. T., The effect of ice storms on the biogeochemistry and hydrology of forest ecoystems. In: Hydrology and Biogeochemistry: Synthesis and Future Research Directions (2011).

2010

Vitousek, P. M., Porder, S., Houlton, B. Z., and Chadwick, O., Terrestrial phosphorus limitation: Mechanisms, implications and nitrogen-phosphorus interactions. Ecological Applications (2010).

Houlton, B. Z. and Field, C. B., Nutrient limitations of carbon uptake: From leaves to landscapes in a California rangeland ecosystem. Rangeland Ecology and Management 63, 120-127 (2010).

Wang, Y. P. and Houlton, B. Z., Estimates of global nitrogen fixation: Implications for global climate change. Geophysical Research Letters 36, L24403 (2010).

2009

Houlton, B. Z. and Bai, E.*, Imprint of denitrifying bacteria on the global terrestrial biosphere. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 106 (51), 21713 - 21716 (2009). ***(Biology Faculty of 1000 selection)***

Cleveland, C. C., Houlton, B. Z., C. Neill, S. Reed, A. R. Townsend, and Y. P. Wang. Using indirect methods to estimate symbiotic nitrogen fixation: A case study from an Amazonian rain forest. Biogeochemistry DOI10.1007/s10533-009-9392-y (2009).

Bai, E.* and Houlton, B. Z., Coupled isotopic and process-based modeling of gaseous nitrogen losses from tropical rainforests. Global Biogeochemical Cycles 23 (GB2011) (2009).

2008

Houlton, B. Z., Wang, Y. P., Vitousek, P. M., and Field, C. B., A unifying framework for dinitrogen fixation in the terrestrial biosphere. Nature 454 (7202), 327-U34 (2008). ***(Biology Faculty of 1000 selection)***

2007-

Kaiser, J., M. G. Hastings, B. Z. Houlton, T. Rockmann, and D. M. Sigman. Triple oxygen isotope analysis of nitrate using the denitrifier method and thermal decomposition of N2O. Analytical Chemistry 79:599-607 (2007).

Houlton, B. Z., Sigman, D. M., Schuur, E. A., and Hedin, L. O., A climate-driven switch in plant nitrogen acquisition within tropical forest communities. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 104 (21), 8902 - 8906 (2007). ***(Biology Faculty of 1000 selection)***

Wang, Y. P., Houlton, B. Z., and Field, C. B., A model of biogeochemical cycles of carbon, nitrogen, and phosphorus including symbiotic nitrogen fixation and phosphatase production. Global Biogeochemical Cycles 21 (1), - (2007).

Houlton, B. Z., Sigman, D. M., and Hedin, L. O., Isotopic evidence for large gaseous nitrogen losses from tropical rainforests. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 103 (23), 8745-8750 (2006). ***(Gene E. Likens Award for best paper in the biogeosciences by a junior (i.e., Houlton) scientist)(Biology Faculty of 1000 selection)***

Houlton, B. Z. et al., Nitrogen dynamics in ice storm-damaged forest ecosystems: Implications for nitrogen limitation theory. Ecosystems 6 (5), 431-443 (2003).

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In review <

- Houlton, B. Z., Global-scale implications of the CO2 footprint of new nitrogen creation (in revision).

- Morford, S. L.*, Houlton B. Z., and Dahlgren R. A. Bedrock nitrogen weathering is widespread in the terrestrial biosphere. (in revision).

- Wang, C, Houlton B. Z., Liu, D., and Bai., E. Stable isotopic indication for global soil organic carbon turnover rate. Nature Geoscience (in review).